CTRP11 contributes modestly to systemic metabolism and energy balance

DC Sarver, C Xu, D Carreno et al

Department of Physiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA

The FASEB Journal

C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRP1-15) constitute a conserved group of secreted proteins of the C1q family with diverse functions. In vitro studies have shown that CTRP11/C1QL4 can inhibit adipogenesis, antagonize myoblast fusion, and promote testosterone synthesis and secretion. Whether CTRP11 is required for these processes in vivo remains unknown. Here, we show that knockout (KO) mice lacking CTRP11 have normal skeletal muscle mass and function, and tes tosterone level, suggesting that CTRP11 is dispensable for skeletal muscle devel opment and testosterone production. We focused our analysis on whether this nutrient-responsive secreted protein plays a role in controlling sugar and fat me tabolism. At baseline when mice are fed a standard chow, CTRP11 deficiency affects metabolic parameters in a sexually dimorphic manner. Only Ctrp11-KO female mice have significantly higher fasting serum ketones and reduced physi cal activity. In the refeeding phase following food withdrawal, Ctrp11-KO female mice have reduced food intake and increased metabolic rate and energy expendi ture, highlighting CTRP11’s role in fasting–refeeding response. When challenged with a high-fat diet to induce obesity and metabolic dysfunction, CTRP11 defi ciency modestly exacerbates obesity-induced glucose intolerance, with more pro nounced effects seen in Ctrp11-KO male mice. Switching to a low-fat diet after obesity induction results in greater fat loss in wild type relative to KO male mice, suggesting impaired response to obesity reversal and reduced metabolic flexibil ity in the absence of CTRP11. Collectively, our data provide genetic evidence for novel sex-dependent metabolic regulation by CTRP11, but note the overall mod est contribution of CTRP11 to systemic energy homeostasis

BIOSEB Instruments Used:
Grip strength test (BIO-GS3)

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