Muscle Phenotype- Proteolysis- and Atrophy Signaling During Reloading in Mice- Effects of Curcumin on the Gastrocnemius

L Mañas-García, N Bargalló, J Gea, E Barreiro

Pulmonology Department-Muscle Wasting and Cachexia in Chronic Respiratory Diseases and Lung Cancer Research Group, IMIM-Hospital del Mar, Parc de Salut Mar, Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB), Barcelona, Spain


We hypothesized that curcumin may mitigate muscle protein degradation and loss through attenuation of proteolytic activity in limb muscles of mice exposed to reloading (7dR) following immobilization (7dI). In gastrocnemius of mice (female C57BL/6J, 10 weeks) exposed to recovery following a seven-day period of hindlimb immobilization with/without curcumin treatment, markers of muscle proteolysis (systemic troponin-I), atrophy signaling pathways and histone deacetylases, protein synthesis, and muscle phenotypic characteristics and function were analyzed. In gastrocnemius of reloading mice compared to unloaded, muscle function, structure, sirtuin-1, and protein synthesis improved, while proteolytic and signaling markers (FoxO1/3) declined. In gastrocnemius of unloaded and reloaded mice treated with curcumin, proteolytic and signaling markers (NF-kB p50) decreased and sirtuin-1 activity and hybrid fibers size increased (reloaded muscle), while no significant improvement was seen in muscle function. Treatment with curcumin elicited a rise in sirtuin-1 activity, while attenuating proteolysis in gastrocnemius of mice during reloading following a period of unloading. Curcumin attenuated muscle proteolysis probably via activation of histone deacetylase sirtuin-1, which also led to decreased levels of atrophy signaling pathways. These findings offer an avenue of research in the design of therapeutic strategies in clinical settings of patients exposed to periods of disuse muscle atrophy.

BIOSEB Instruments Used:
Grip strength test (BIO-GS3)

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