The fibrinolitys system in muscle regeneration and dystrophy-

B. Vidal Iglesias.

Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain.

Tesis Doctorals en Xarxa - Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal degenerative disorder of locomotor and respiratory muscles, in which myofibers are progressively replaced by non-muscular fibrotic tissue. Here, we show that fibrin/ogen accumulates in dystrophic muscles of DMD patients and of the mdx mouse model of DMD. Genetic loss or pharmacological depletion of fibrin/ogen in mdx mice attenuated muscular dystrophy progression and improved locomotor capacity. More importantly, fibrin/ogen depletion reduced fibrosis in mdx mouse diaphragm. Our data indicate that fibrin/ogen, through induction of IL-1 Ò, drives the synthesis of TGF Ò by mdx macrophages, which in turn, induces collagen production in mdx fibroblasts. Fibrin/ogen-produced TGF Ò further amplifies collagen accumulation through recruitment and activation of pro-fibrotic alternatively activated macrophages. Fibrin/ogen also stimulated collagen synthesis directly in mdx fibroblasts, via Ñv Ò3 integrin engagement. In addition, when analyzing a group of 39 DMD patients, fibrin/ogen accumulation in locomotor muscles was found associated with fibrosis and disease severity. These data unveil a novel role of fibrin/ogen in muscular dystrophy and, importantly, in the replacement of muscle by fibrotic tissue.

BIOSEB Instruments Used:
Grip strength test (BIO-GS3)

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